Gynecomastia is the abnormal development of large mammary glands in males resulting in breast enlargement. The term comes from the Greek ???? gyné (stem gynaik-) meaning "woman" and µast?? mastós meaning "breast." The condition can occur physiologically in neonates (due to female hormones from the mother), in adolescence, and in the elderly (Both in adolescence and elderly it is an abnormal condition associated with disease or metabolic disorders). In adolescent boys the condition is often a source of distress, but for the large majority of boys whose pubescent gynecomastia is not due to obesity, the breast development shrinks or disappears within a couple of years.
The condition is surgically treated. The male breast if fatty i.e. containing more of fat cells can be treated with liposuction alone. In this procedure, one or two holes of 5mm are made each side and the fat is sucked out with special machine. If the male breast tissue contains more of fibrous element, then, surgical removal of the gland is done by giving an incision at the junction of skin and nipple. The gland is then removed with the scar being at the junction of white skin and nipple and hence barely perceptible.
After the surgery, pressure garments are advised to keep the chest in shape for three months.